Bush Houses viewpoints Cwm Clydach Cottages in colour and b&w

Cutlock & Co is extremely grateful to a new contact who has forwarded some photos of Bush Houses. One view was familiar, from the painting which appears at the bottom of Feeling Bushed and also a poor quality version received via another source, but the older black and white image was certainly from a fresh perspective.

Looking down the valley towards Tonypandy, with the main part of Clydach Vale /Blaen Clydach to the left (north), St Albans church can be seen on the bottom left. But what is the building pretty much in the centre of shot, a little beyond the shorter row of houses (you’ll need to click on the image for the larger version)? The railway up the valley is visible too – on two levels. Perhaps someone could tell me when this closed, which would help date the shot. No later than the 1940s I imagine, from the lack of telegraph poles for example.

Bush Houses and Clydach Vale old b&w

Here’s the colour photo, the “familiar view” from the 1960s, looking from the opposite direction. I’d be happy to hear if anyone has copyright claims on this.

Bush Houses in 1960s

 Notes

1. This is the fifth Cutlock & Co article on Bush Houses, Clydach Vale, Rhondda. The others, in chronological order:

Word-Smithing from Smyrna or Lyrical lines from Lydia {2}.

A year ago, ‘Hanging by a thread‘ traced the delicate strands which led to establishing the family of John Harper Smith junior, master mariner {1}. I speculated that the reasons he and his spouse couldn’t be found in 1871 and 1881 England census was that they could be on voyages out of British waters.

Now there is some indication of this, in the shape of a poem of his penned from port:

(Read by clicking on any image and navigating – increase browser size for larger view or use the ‘full image’ link.)

Jennie/Jane is the oldest daughter, age 7 in 1865. Also mentioned are Nellie, otherwise Ellen, age 6, Kate age 3 and Jack/John a tender one year old (and no doubt classed a rogue in verse 15 due to typical baby antics). Presumably wife Hannah was ‘at home’, wherever that was, at this time.

The reference in verse 16 to “dear aunts” .. ” all living there” (implying being looked after by them) while mother was away is intriguing. The girls are with an unknown and unmarried Elizabeth Hannible/Hannibell at census time – in Yarmouth indeed just a few entries away from aunt Matilda B Isaac in 1871 (and 1861 for Jane too). In 1861, while Jane is in Yarmouth the parents are both in Liverpool. Hannah comes from that port, so their stay could be for family or nautical reasons. Still no sign of Ellen in 1861 or Jack in 1871. Another aunt or two hiding somewhere with them?

Thanks to Vivien for supplying the above scans.

Notes

1. Also see: Entirely to the Water from Birth – bit of a poetical turn of phrase in John Harper Smith senior’s mariner certificate entry!

2. Smyrna is now known as Izmir, Turkey. It was once part of the Lydian empire. ( I did Classical Civilisation at A level!)

3. Perhaps some new Cutlock & Co categories are needed for this article – file under Records/Poetry, Places/At Sea.

No beating about the Bush Dreadful conditions, a strong community in Cwm Clydach

The Cutlock & Co articles on Bush Houses are some of the most popular on the website. As the latest batch of old news uploaded to the Welsh Newspapers Online archive includes nine year’s worth of the Rhondda Leader from the start of the 20th century, a quick trawl seemed a good idea. Forty items came up for “bush houses”. Here are some key ones about the place {1}, which also shine a light on inhabitants’ lives.

Constructed in the 1860s, the buildings are shown as Cwm Clydach Cottages in the first edition OS map (Tonypandy page) with no other housing evident in Clydach Vale at that time. Even by the early 1900s they were regarded as very poor properties. At 1911, there were 71 households in the 50 small terraced houses.

Rhondda Leader BushHousesinsanitary_17Jan1903This from the Rhondda Leader, a report from the Health Committee of Rhondda Council, dated 17th January 1903: the Clerk to the Glamorgan County Council (referred to) the County Medical Officer’s report on the sanitary condition of this Council’s district and (drew) attention of the Council to the insanitary condition of Bush Houses.

Lack of drains and proper road

The Health Committee had previously in June 1901 “recommended that the Surveyor be instructed to prepare plans of a scheme for the drainage of Bush houses, Clydach Vale, and that Councillor R.S. Griffiths and the Clerk interview the manager of Cambrian Colliery Company with a view to get an understanding that they will connect the houses with the sewer when made.”

rhonddaleader_bushhousessewer_22Jun1901 rhonddaleader_bushhousesdrains_20Jul1901

It is perhaps surprising to find a month later that this “interview” revealed that Cambrian Colliery Company was contemplating constructing more houses, rather than closing the existing ones. No report found so far on whether the sewers were built and connected at that time, presumably because this would not be newsworthy enough.

Rhondda Leader Bush Houses access_28Nov1908General access to the houses was poor, too.  The first of these cuttings is a letter from November 1908, signed “Cwm Clydach” while below is another council report from June 1907.Rhondda Leader Bush Houses coal_15Jun1907

Keeping children from school to carry coal seems a poor excuse from a 21st century viewpoint. As not sending them to school regularly was liable to attract a fine {2}, the need for domestic coal was obviously great, even in the summer.

Bush Houses was eventually demolished in 1969.

Community benefits

Rhondda Leader Matthew Picton benefit concert_31Mar1906The physical aspects of Cwm Clydach Cottages may have been basic, to say the least, but all indications are of a vibrant community.

Matthew Picton, whose daughter Sophia later married Albert Gregory (first cousin, twice removed), was to be the recipient of the proceeds of a well-attended benefit concert at Libanus Chapel in March 1906.  “He has been ill for the last four or five years, and has a wife and four children to maintain.”

Perhaps Matthew recovered well, as he had 2 more children, in 1907 and 1909, although only 57 when he died in 1930.

Anyone know where Libanus Chapel was?

And Finally

Rhondda Leader Bush Houses protection_21Sep1907 What should be made of this request to the Health Committee from the Trades and Labour Council (September 1907) “to protect the schools where the children from this locality attend”?

A view that the insanitary conditions of Bush Houses led to it being a source of childhood diseases? Or .. ?

 

Notes

1. For an idea of who was living in Bush Houses, the extended Osborne family features in A community in the Bush, while Cwmclydach families at the 1911 census are listed in Snapshot of Bush Houses 1911 (see the spreadsheet). Feeling Bushed is more about the physical aspects of the place.

2. Various news items from Rhondda Leader make reference to specific people living in Bush Houses, including members of the extended Osborne family. A further Cutlock & Co item featuring some will probably follow shortly.

3. The period covered on Welsh Newspapers Online includes the Cambrian Colliery explosion of 10th March 1905. One man from Bush Houses, Thomas Hopkins, was so badly burned that his wife identified him by a distinctive recent repair to his boot. A Thomas Edward Hocking, ostler, from Bush Houses and married, was in the list of men reported killed outright. Reporting errors may mean that Hopkins and Hocking are in fact the same person – at 1901 census I can only find a Thos E Hopkins, colliery repairer in Ferndale with his uncle, born Swansea about 1875 (possibly married Mary Hannah Evans in Swansea 1904). I can’t find a death registration for either. UPDATE: Having checked the mining disasters reports available on Coalmining History Resource Centre, it appears that ostler Thomas may in fact go by the surname of Hawkins!

Morgan Harding of 43 Bush Houses “died subsequent to the explosion from injuries”. A newspaper report of March 1906 sees a boy also called Morgan Harding from Clydach Vale, quite possibly his son, in the dock with a friend for stealing. He is given “six strokes for each offence and .. ordered to be detained for a week so his mother could put in an appearance”. They had twice stolen goods or money in February from David William’s lock-up shop at 40 Bush Houses.

Historical maps online – update

Historical maps have continued to appear online since the last Cutlock & Co article on the subject back in March 2012 {1}. Here are some fairly recent additions and relevant news items.

Also, a new reference page has been created: Press, maps, images. Combining the Visual Resources section of the Research Links page with newspaper archives links and tips.

Welsh places

Help wanted: A project launched in October 2013 is asking for help with “collecting all the names of places and features in Wales from the Ordnance Survey’s six-inch to a mile maps of c. 1900.” “By contributing to this project you’ll be helping to compile the most detailed list of historic places in Wales.” Cymru 1900 Wales

Peoples Collection Wales has a Places section where you can view old Ordnance Survey maps, 1st to 4th Edition (1868 to 1954), and also add your own photos/videos/trails. UPDATE late Feb 2014: the site has been revamped, Places has become ‘locate’ and there seems to be a whole host of glitches (e.g. the map doesn’t work on my Firefox browser!).

Tonypandy OS first edition (1868-92)

Tonypandy OS first edition (1868-92) extract

Old London, courtesy of Scotland

From Who Do You Think You Are magazine: One of the most detailed maps of Victorian London ever produced is now available to view on the web. The National Library of Scotland has scanned and uploaded the Ordnance Survey’s five-feet to the mile map of London from 1893-1896 to its website.

At http://maps.nls.uk/os/london-1890s/

British Library

The British Library has added map images (from across the world) to its Flickr account. See this Maps set (collated by community members) or using Map tag. From Who Do You Think You Are magazine, Feb 2014.

Ordnance Survey drawings: The original large-scale drawings made for the famous one-inch-to-the-mile maps present a detailed picture of England and Wales between the 1780s and 1840. Online gallery - note that the Georeferencer facility uses Google Earth (needs to be installed on your computer), but there are other ways of accessing.

News, old and new

Recently added to a couple of Manchester map resources listed on our page: online versions of Old Maps of Lancashire produced by the county council’s Archaeology Service (again sourced from WDYTYA mag).

The Ancestry family history research site added links through to old maps from some of its records back in December 2012.

From April 2011 via The Wandering Genealogist: Published 400 years ago, the first comprehensive atlas of Great Britain is being celebrated by Cambridge University Library, home to one of only five surviving proof sets, all of which differ in their composition. Also see John Speed proof maps page for high quality scans of each county in England and Wales, plus Scotland, Isle of Man, CI, Ireland.

From the 1611 Somerset map, Merriott appears as Meryot, while Crewkerne might be Crokethorne.

UPDATE: new March 2014, National Library of Scotland also has online 1842 to 1852 OS maps for England and Wales.

Notes

1. Earlier Cutlock & Co article: Exploring Historical Maps. Reference/research page: Newspapers, maps, images.

2. The simple (current) Google Maps view of articles by location category has been reactivated, on the Places page.

Aside

An amusing aside, particularly for those in the US with Howes connections. A rock musician cum brewer has produced a batch of stout called Red Howes, after his grandfather. Created with the Allagash Brewing Co in Portland, Maine, cranberries also by the name of Red Howes are part of the mix. No known relation to either Red!

More in the video on Metal Underground, news item on Altsounds. Or find video on Vimeo

Thanks to HowesFamilies.com monthly update.